We need limits on White House interference in law enforcement, stricter ethical enforcement, best staffing practices, and much more. And, of course, we also need to solve many of the very real problems of our democracy that have helped undermine the trust we can make by passing reforms like those of the historic For the People Act, also known as H.R. 1. These must be priorities for the next president and congress, and I think they will be. We have a lot to do. The first peaceful transfer of power in a country is often seen as an important step in a transition to democracy, as is the case with the elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Successful transitions in tense political moments such as the Velvet Revolution in Armenia in 2018 are interpreted as a sign of improved governance in the country, an important step in the democratization and proper functioning of civil society.  Alternatively, the lack of a peaceful transfer of power, as in the elections in Georgia from 1995 to 2008, where the only transition between presidents took place via the 2003 Rose Revolution, can damage the country`s international reputation as a „democracy.”  In this regard, I really want to focus on Secretary of State Pompeo. Let us remember that he has already violated a long-standing tradition in which secretaries of state remain outside of politics, for example, by speaking at the Republican convention. His statement about Trump`s second term — whatever his intention — really puts him on an equal footing with the secretary of state of Belarus (a country that leader Pompeo himself has criticized for trying to cling to power through anti-democratic means). He behaves like a thug of the regime, which has caused enormous damage to the office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
It won`t change the outcome, but it`s always shameful. I think what the rest of the world sees is the symbolic meaning, and that`s very important for America`s credibility in the world and also for the confidence that the American people have in their administration (which is why Pompeo`s joke is absolutely inexcusable). But besides, the next president must be ready to govern on day one. And if there is no proper transition, it endangers national security, endangers American lives – especially since the next president will have to deal with a global pandemic. And it`s usually terrible for government operations. As President George W. Bush`s first chief of staff recently noted, the 9/11 Committee noted that the Bush administration`s shortened transition from the Clinton administration has contributed to our vulnerability to terrorist attacks. We play with fire when the same thing happens here. When a representative leaves office for any reason, there is always a transition period where a new leader takes his or her place.
In other forms of government, this transition could involve violence or war, as different factions struggle to see who deserves government control. In democracies, however, there should be a so-called peaceful transfer of power. „I solemnly swear that I will faithfully exercise the office of President of the United States and that I will preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States to the best of my ability.” Every four years, on January 20, an elected president appears before the nation and is sworn in at the inauguration. These words have been spoken by every president of the United States since 1789, when George Washington became the nation`s first president. The swearing-in ceremony allows for the peaceful transfer of power from one president to another. There is formally the „power of the people” to the person chosen to lead the United States. This oath makes an ordinary citizen a president. A peaceful transition or change of power is an important concept for democratic governments, in which the leadership of a government peacefully cedes control of the government to a newly elected leadership. This can be after elections or during the transition from another type of political regime, such as the post-communist period after the fall of the Soviet Union.  But there is also a practical level. The U.S. federal government is one of the largest organizations in the world, and the process of transferring control from one group of political actors to another is incredibly complex.
There are thousands of real-time decisions that need to be made from the moment the next president takes office. There are organizational skills that need to be developed. So we have developed this long-standing tradition in which the government of the day – when the administration changes – is committed to helping the new government take the reins as soon as the outcome of the elections becomes obvious. The presidential transition process exists both symbolically and practically. Symbolically, it has enormous significance. The ritual of a president preparing to cede power to another means that we are a law-abiding society where the will of the voters reigns. A peaceful transfer of power – especially from one political party to another – is the ultimate expression of the rule of law, says Daniel I. Weiner of the Brennan Center. During the 2020 Belarusian protests, which followed the controversial results of the August 2020 Belarusian presidential elections, Belarusians created a Coordination Council and a shadow government called National Anti-Crisis Management (NAM), aimed at a peaceful transfer of power to a freely and fairly elected president.    The Non-Aligned Movement proposed a „constitutional” option for the transfer of power, in which the presumed winner of the presidential elections, Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, would become prime minister and the powers of de facto President Alexander Lukashenko would be legally transferred to the post of prime minister, followed by elections for a new president organized by a newly created electoral commission; and a „legal sovereignty” option in which Tsikhanouskaya would become president and hold presidential elections within 40 to 70 days.
 The most important federal law, the Presidential TransitionAl Law, was originally passed in 1963. It sets out certain processes and requirements that apply both before and when a new president comes to power – after the election. The entire process is managed by the General Services Administration (GSA). For the purposes of the present, the most important provision is the one that appears to leave it to the GSA Administrator to „determine” whether a new President and Vice-President have been elected, which is essential for exploiting resources and accessing federal agencies, including important national security briefings. .